Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of disorders that affect a person’s ability to move and maintain balance and posture. CP is the most common motor disability in childhood. CDC estimates that an average of 1 in 323 children in the U.S. have CP.  US Centers for Disease Control         cerebralpalsyfactsheet

From the Cerebral Palsy International Research Foundation Medical Director’s Desk…

The UCP National office presents a series of research briefs from Dr. James Blackman, Medical Director of the Cerebral Palsy International Research Foundation (CPIRF) and Professor of Pediatrics, Emeritus, University of Virginia.

CPIRF s a not for profit 501(c)3 organization dedicated to funding research and educational activities directly relevant to discovering the cause, cure and evidence based care for those with cerebral palsy and related developmental disabilities.

 

Cerebral Palsy is:    cp-fact-sheet   (From United Cerebral Palsy National Office)
• A number of disorders of the developing brain affecting body movement, posture and muscle coordination.
• Caused by damage to one or more specific areas of the brain, usually occurring during
fetal development; before, during or shortly after birth; during infancy; or during early
childhood.
• Not a disease, not progressive, nor communicable. U.S. Statistics:

.
Types of Cerebral Palsy:
• Spastic Cerebral Palsy: characterized by muscle stiffness and permanent
contractions
• Athetoid or Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy: characterized by uncontrolled, slow,
writhing movements
• Ataxic Cerebral Palsy: characterized by poor coordination and balance

Effects:
A person with cerebral palsy may exhibit
one or more of the following effects:
• muscle tightness or spasticity
• disturbance in gait or mobility
• involuntary movement
• difficulty in swallowing and problems with speech
A person with cerebral palsy may also exhibit:
• difficulty in feeding
• impairment of sight, hearing or speech
• abnormal sensation and perception
• seizures
• difficulty with bladder and bowel control
• intellectual disability
• learning disabilities
• problems with breathing due to postural difficulties
• skin disorders due to pressure sores